• The federal government first established daylight savings time during World War I to help conserve coal.
  • Changes to the federal law are required to make it possible to switch to all-year daylight saving time.
  • The movement to eliminate DST is growing over time and currently 19 states have passed legislation to allow for all-year daylight saving. A change in federal law would still be required, however.

Daylight saving time comes to an end on Sunday, so it’s time to “fall back” by setting our clocks behind one hour. 

If you are tired of constantly changing the time twice per year, then there may be a way to make it less frequent later in the year.

USA TODAY was told by Jim Reed of National Conference of State Legislatures that 19 states have passed legislation over the past four years to ensure year-round daylight savings time.

The 19 states are: Alabama, Georgia, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, Idaho, Louisiana, Ohio, South Carolina, Utah, Wyoming, Arkansas, Delaware, Maine, Oregon, Tennessee, Washington, Florida and California. 

Reed explained that in this legislative session, only six states passed legislation making DST permanent year round.

The debate over daylight saving time, which was first enacted by the federal government during World War I as a way to conserve coal, has picked up momentum in recent years.

The Department of Transportation, which is in charge of daylight saving time, says the practice saves energy, prevents traffic accidents and curbs crime. But sleep experts believe the health impacts of losing shut-eye from the practice eclipses the value. 

Fans of all-year daylight saving are facing a major problem with the 1966 federal Uniform Time Act. This law was passed because states were not following daylight saving times as they had previously. It stated that the act required states to either adjust their clocks for daylight saving at a particular time and day, or to keep the standard time year-round. 

A different perspectiveExperts say that daylight savings time is not beneficial and offers no upsides. Let’s find out why.

Individual states and territories are limited in their power under this act. They can opt out from daylight savings time to put them on regular time. This is what Arizona, Hawaii is doing.

A change in federal law would be required to implement year-round daylight savings, contrary to what the states are trying to do.

Marco Rubio (Republican of Florida), has been a supporter for year-round daylight-saving time for many years. The Sunshine Protection Act of 2019, which was introduced by Senator Marco Rubio, R-Fla., was an attempt to stop the two-yearly time change and maintain daylight saving time throughout the country and in his state. It also allowed for the continuation of eight-month-long daylight savings time. 

A bipartisan group of U.S. Senators reintroduced the Sunshine Protection Act of 2021 to ensure that DST is permanent throughout the country. There’s also a companion bill in Congress, Reed explained to USA TODAY. H.R. 214 – the Daylight Act – would allow states to elect to observe daylight saving time for the duration of the year. 

He said that “no significant legislative action has taken place on any of the bills so far.”

How will the time in 2021 change?These are the facts:These are the times to reverse daylight saving time clocks

Rubio’s Office released a press release highlighting the many benefits of constant daylight, which includes a lower number of car accidents, fewer strokes and cardiac issues, mental well-being, and increased economic growth.

“Opinions remain mixed on the benefits of permanent daylight time versus permanent standard time,” Reed wrote in a blog post on the National Conference of State Legislatures website. There are many sites on the Internet that promote both sides of this debate. However, most states vote for year-round DST to be the new norm.

Still, the actual March and November time changes are almost universally reviled because of all the accompanying adjustments we must make, such as coming home from work in the dark and the slower-than-expected resetting of our internal time clocks, the NCSL said. 

More than 70 countries around the world observe daylight savings time. Some countries refer to it as “summer time” in Europe and the United Kingdom.

Source: USAToday.com

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